State Policy and Legislation in Arts Education Area

Starting from the first days of independence, Uzbekistan consistently implements the policy on reforming the education sector as a key element in the ongoing course of reforms and renewal of society, as a necessary and indispensable condition of democratic transformation in society, sustainable economic development, the republic's integration into the global community. “The main purpose of all our reforms in the Economy and Politics is a Man. That is exactly why Education and the upbringing of a new generation, which will be capable to realize the idea of national revival, will always be a task of the State and one of it's main priorities "(from the report of President Islam Karimov at the session of Oliy Majlis of the first convening in February 1995).

 

Awareness of these problems led to the fact that in 1997, the Uzbek government, was the first in the Former Soviet Union to develop and approve the National Program for training and providing the gradual reform of the entire education system.

In 1999,UNESCO has decided to study and disseminate the positive experience of reforms in the training system of Uzbekistan in other countries. Today, a National program for training is a single (one and indivisible) educational complex that covers the entire process of continuous education and upbringing of the younger generation, where each link of the education system plays a special role and responsibility.

The "Law on Education” of the Republic of Uzbekistan states the basic principles of the State Policy in the field of education:

  • Humanistic and democratic nature of education and training;
  • Continuity and succession of education;
  • Compulsory general secondary and secondary special and vocational education
  • Free choice of specialized secondary and vocational education: academic high school or a vocational college;
  • Secular nature of education system;
  • Accessibility of education within the state educational standards;
  • Unity and differentiated approach to the selection of training programs;
  • Encouragement of learning and talent;
  • Combination of state and public administration in the education system.

The basis of the national model in education is to ensure continuity of education, which is represented as a system of universal compulsory free secondary 12-year cycle, which includes 9 years of schooling and 3-year education, which continues in a professional college or academic lyceum - new types of educational institutions established under the national program.

Article number 10 of the Act refers to the following types of education:

  • Pre-school education;
  • General Secondary Education;
  • Specialized Secondary and Vocational Education;
  • Higher Education;
  • Graduate Education;
  • Training and Retraining;
  • Non-formal Education.