Structure of Arts Education System in Uzbekistan

Pre-school educational institutions of Uzbekistan are divided into the following types in accordance with the orientation of their activities:

  • Nurseries, kindergarten, home-based day care (as an independent institution and branch).
  • Establishment of early childhood and primary education (kindergarten, school).
  • Pre-school educational institution with the priority of one or more areas of development of students (language, art - aesthetic, sports, etc.).
  • Kindergarten of compensating type with a priority implementation of skilled correction of deviations in the physical and mental development of pupils.
  • Nursery care and rehabilitation of weakened children with the implementation of health and hygiene, preventive and curative measures and procedures.
  • Kindergarten of combined type (combined kindergarten may include general developmental, compensatory and health groups in different combinations).

The fundamental reform of the entire school system in the country was linked to the implementation of "National Public School Education Development Program for 2004-2009”. Main objectives of this Program proposed:

  • strengthening and development of material and technical base of secondary schools;
  • equipping schools with modern teaching and laboratory equipment, computers, textbooks and teaching materials;
  • improvement of the educational system of training standards and curricula;
  • providing schools, especially in rural areas, with qualified teachers, improving the quality of their work through establishing an effective system of training, retraining and professional development of teachers, strengthening their incentive to work.

Secondary special, vocational education, with a training period of three years, on the basis of General Secondary Education is a compulsory independent type of a continuous art education and is implemented in accordance with the laws of the Republic of Uzbekistan "On Education" and "The National Program forTrainingTeachers". Secondary Special,Vocational Education provides in-depth study of the basic knowledge and training of junior experts on chosen profession.

Higher education, access to which is granted after the completion of the mandatory 12-year Specialized Secondary and Vocational Education is a separate type of continuous education. Higher Education is aimed at preparing qualified and competitive human resources that would meet modern requirements and produce quality work of professionals with Higher Education. It also proposes self-study in the chosen direction (specialty) areas of knowledge in Scientific, Technical, Economic, Social and Cultural Development areas of the country and help obtain high spiritual , cultural and moral qualities.

Postgraduate Education is aimed at considering the requirements of the society in the Scientific and Scientific-Pedagogical personnel and complying with creative, educational and professional interests of the individual. Postgraduate studies can be obtained at Universities and Research Institutions (Postgraduate School or aspirantura, adyunktura or postgraduate, adjunct, PhD, competition) with the further obtaining of Dissertation.

State authorities, public organizations, as well as the other legal entities and individuals establish after-school Public and Private educational institutions, cultural, aesthetic, scientific, technical, sport and other institutions to meet the individual educational and developmental needs of children and adolescents and to provide the organization of their leisure time and recreation.