State Policy and Legislation in Arts Education Area

The national policy of Ukraine in the area of arts education is regulated primarily by the Laws of Ukraine “On Education” and “On Culture", as well as by immediately applicable Laws of Ukraine, viz.: “On Preschool Education,” “On General Secondary Education,” “On Out-of-School Education,” “On Vocational Education,” and “On Higher Education.” The resulting regulatory and legal framework affords protection of the human rights to education and includes rules for its operation in the basic areas.

The Law of Ukraine “On Education” considers it as a foundation for intellectual, cultural, spiritual, social, economic development of society and the state, while its goal consists in all-round development of man as a personality and the supreme value of society, development of his talents, mental abilities and physical capacities, development of high integrity standards, enrichment thereupon of intellectual, creative, cultural potential of the people and raising its educational level, provision of the national economy with skilled personnel. The provision stipulating that education as part of culture is based on humanism and democracy, mutual respect among nations and nationalities is of fundamental importance it. This law lays down the underlying principles among which the principle of an organic link with world and national history, culture, and traditions is of particular importance in the context of the arts field (Article 6). It also determines the structure of the educational system in Ukraine (Article 29), which includes the following constituent parts: preschool education; general secondary education; out-of-school education; vocational education; higher education; postgraduate education; graduate studies; doctoral studies; self-education.

Over the first decade of independence, the educational strategies were carried out in Ukraine in conformity with the provisions of the State-run National Program “Education” (Ukraine in the 21st century). The National Doctrine of Education Development (2002) identified the priority tasks of the national policy in educational area and the requisite conditions for country’s intellectual potential reproduction, which provided for continuous improvement of education quality, updating its content and forms. In order to reform the educational branch, special-purpose state-run programs were endorsed that also reflected individual aspects of arts education development – “Teacher,” “Children of Ukraine,” “Gifted Child.” Thus, a legislative environment was created for operation of all levels of arts education: preschool, general secondary, out-of-school, and vocational.