Structure of Arts Education System in Tajikistan

The system of art and aesthetic education in the Republic Tajikistan has a structure of formal and informal components and covers various age groups, beginning from the preschool period and to old ages. First of them is the education that carried out within the frames of educational institutions. Second is the education that carried out in organizations and establishments for whom educational activity isn’t the main.

Within the limits of formal sector its distinguished core and additional education spheres.

The system of the basic (special) art education includes all educational institutions that basic field of activity related to art education. In Tajikistan this system has three levels and four versions (kinds) the organizations of the educational process, called as – initial, secondary special, secondary special and professional, and higher education.

Taken together these levels provide realization of a principle “continuity of education”. Thus each of levels and kinds are independent; focused on the decision of specific problems; have the network of establishments; function on consistent methodical and statutory acts; upon the graduation of each the certain documentations are issued. Today in Tajikistan the basic art education functions in the state and non-state sectors. The state “educational organizations” are that institutions which situated under the provisions of ministries, public sectors and financed by the state. Nongovernmental institutions are private educational institutions and not financed by the state.

Today the non-state sector of special arts education entirely directed at the mastering of the Tajik traditional art. It became apparent officially in the 90-th. Primarily it became as a protest against the large gap in the system of art education in the country – the absence of block on the Tajik traditional forms of art and culture. In particular in the curricula of training programs the “musical art” was absent absolutely.

The situation has changed mainly through the institutions of the private sector such: the centers of “Navo” (melody; founded in 1995) and "Hunar" (skill; founded in 2001). The development of traditional art has progressed through the introduction of the traditional education system “ustod-shogird” (teacher-disciple) in all kinds of artistic creativity. At the present, many schools, colleges and namely two universities - the Tajik National Conservatory and the Tajik State Institute of Arts are opened classes of traditional art.