Priorities of Arts Education in Russian Federation

Key efforts to enhance efficiency of the arts education in contemporary Russia are focused primarily on developing the main components of existing infrastructure, awaking wider interest in this type of education on behalf of the socially influential groups, and enriching the contents of artistic and creative activities within the arts learning process as a “basis for a balanced, creative, cognitive, emotional, aesthetic, and social development".

Structure of Arts Education System in the Russian Federation

Building up Homo creans is the central goal of contemporary arts education in Russia. That means to develop learners’ independent thinking and creative approach to every type of activity, which are to be based on knowledge received and related practices. In Russian pedagogy, the notions of “creative work” and “creativity” do interweave but do not coincide. While creative work is understood as a sort of specific process that leads to creation of the new; creativity is regarded as a potential, an inner resource of the individual, his or her ability to renounce stereotypes in thinking and acting, to find new solution and answers. Creativity can be also defined as a human capability of constructive, inventive thinking and behaviour, perceptive analysis and improvement of his or her experience.

Content of Arts Education in the Russian Federation

The art is a particular type of reflecting reality, its inherent structure and integrity. Throughout the entire history of human civilization, the arts have been the distinct tool to transmit inward experience of generations and are still indispensable and influential means of socialisation. The art as a form of social consciousness, a component of the mankind’s culture and a specific way of practical and emotional mastering the world bases on creative activity (producing works of art). That is why within the educational context the very process of creative activity and its results become the major criterions.

State Policy and Legislation in Arts Education Area

The main Russian legal documents that regulate the arts education sector are as follows:

  • Constitution of the Russian Federation (1993);
  • Law of the Russian Federation on Education (1992);
  • Federal Law on Higher and Postgraduate Professional Education (1996);
  • Law of the Russian Federation on Fundamentals of Legislation on Culture (1992);
  • Family Code of the Russian Federation (1995);
  • Federal Law on Basic Guarantees of the Rights of the Child in the Russian Federation (1998).

Teacher training in the field of Arts Education in the Russian Federation

According to the Education Development Concept in the Field of Culture and Arts in the Russian Federation for 2008–2015 (2008), this educational sector is the fundamental part of the arts education in general that shapes the basis of the latter. The education in the field of culture and the arts is aimed at finding artistically gifted children and youth, professional training of arts practitioners, cultural workers, and arts teachers, and preservation of the unique national arts education system and passing its traditions on to new generations.

Education through Arts

The notion of “education through the arts” embodies the existing traditions in the sphere of aesthetic and arts education based on the rich pedagogical heritage and related research, original experience of the well-known Russian writers and artists, musicians and composers, choreographers and film directors, theatre and museum workers, etc. Historically there were two basic approaches to educating children and youth through the arts in Russia. The first one presupposed acquaintance with arts and mastering some of art forms primarily within the framework of general preschool and school education. Today this type of education is compulsory and comprises music, visual arts, and dance in preschool institutions, while at school it covers fine arts, music, and the history of the world artistic culture.

Recommendations

RECOMMENDATIONS ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF ARTS EDUCATION IN THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

The following Recommendations are based on the study of actual situation in Arts Education and prospects for its progress in the Russian Federation, generalisations of related appraisals and the standard-setting UNESCO documents including the Seoul Agenda: Goals for the Development of Arts Education (2010). The Recommendations comprise guidelines for establishing the Arts Education as a basic resource for creative potential’s development in the Russian Federation in the 21st century. 

Recommendations (PDF)