State Policy and Legislation in Arts Education Area

Worsening life conditions and standards for most of the citizens of the country have had a negative impact on the demographic indicators of the population of the Republic of Moldova. A significant reduction of birth rate has been registered over the 90-ties, along with a decrease of life expectancy and increase in mortality. Consequently, the school age population of the country is gradually decreasing. Thus, over school year 2009-2010 a number of 413.7 thousand children were enrolled in the primary and secondary school cycles, which is 4.7 percent less than in the previous school year. The total number of schoolchildren has decreased by 27.2 percent as compared to school year 2000-2001. This evolution is conditioned by mass migration of the population, including youth, towards more developed countries, in search for jobs.

The actions undertaken over the last decades for reforming education and its adaptation to the requirements of the changing society have created conditions for continuing modernization of the educational system, in line with the challenges of the national and international educational environment.

The situation in arts education is totally different. It is not regulated by a legal framework to provide for express certification of curricular and extracurricular arts education. At the same time, the Law on education No. 547 of July 21, 1995 specifies that its basic objective is free and harmonious development of the creative personality, capable of adapting to changing life conditions. The abovementioned law sets only general guidelines for some aspects of arts education and extracurricular arts education, stipulating that these should be organized in groups and individually in varous extracurricular institutions (clubs, establishments for pre-school and school education, school camps, sports camps, touristic and entertainment establishements, etc.), as well as in the ordinary school network.

While for promotion of general educational policies significant support was provided by:

  1. National Programme for Development of Education for the period 1996-2005;
  2. Project for reforming general mandatory education (1997-2003) co-funded by World Bank;
  3. Programme for modernizing the educational system of the Republic of Moldova for the years 2005-2009;
  4. National Strategy “Education for All” for the years 2004-2015, 5) Strategy for Economic Growth and Poverty Reduction for the period 2004-2006, National Development Strategy for the years 2008-2011 and 6) National Development Strategy for 2008-2011, arts education benefited form no policy document. 

One of the reasons for such policy deficiency was the double subordination of the respective area to Ministry of Education and Ministry of Culture, as well as the existing perception the arts education is of secondary significance as compared to the general one. In addition, the latter ministry made no sufficient lobbying for a comprehensive approach in the area and for approval of some autonomous legal and regulatory acts.