Priorities of Arts Education in the Republic of Moldova

Arts education is a subsystem, which is a component of the national educational system of the Republic of Moldova. Thus, the structure of arts education has to fit into the general structure of the educational system of the Republic of Moldova. The latter is structured by level and cycle, but also by specific contents in the area.

Structure of Arts Education System in the Republic of Moldova

Arts education in the Republic of Moldova is carried out in several forms, one of them being formal (official, legal) basic education, which takes place in state owned institutions, such as: kindergartens, schools, lyceums, colleges, universities, the academy. Education and training is carried out towards achieving some aims and objectives for child’s personality development and subsequent training of professionals for their socio-professional integration. The process requires intensity, concentration of information and continuity. Training is organized in a conscious, intentional and planned manner.

Content of Arts Education in the Republic of Moldova

Plastic arts
Plastic arts education means a guided process for creating capabilities for art communication and creating plastic art images. The basic aim of the plastic arts education is training of a creative personality, that is receptive to the beauty in life and arts, with capabilities for acquiring plastic arts values

State Policy and Legislation in Arts Education Area

Worsening life conditions and standards for most of the citizens of the country have had a negative impact on the demographic indicators of the population of the Republic of Moldova. A significant reduction of birth rate has been registered over the 90-ties, along with a decrease of life expectancy and increase in mortality. Consequently, the school age population of the country is gradually decreasing. Thus, over school year 2009-2010 a number of 413.7 thousand children were enrolled in the primary and secondary school cycles, which is 4.7 percent less than in the previous school year. The total number of schoolchildren has decreased by 27.2 percent as compared to school year 2000-2001. This evolution is conditioned by mass migration of the population, including youth, towards more developed countries, in search for jobs.

Teacher training in the field of Arts Education in the Republic of Moldova

Complementary (extracurricular) education may be carried out at all levels of the educational system in arts schools, music schools and plastic arts schools2, in fine arts faculties of universities. The training process is organized based on educational plans approved by corresponding authorities; upon graduation of studies the students are granted certificates or diplomas. Continuous training is carried out using different forms of continuous vocational training: retraining, qualification, requalification internships in institutions with authority to organize such forms of training.