Structure of Arts Education System in Kyrgyzstan

The art education in Kyrgyzstan includes formal and informal forms of education in fields of pre-school, general school, out-of-school, professional and technical, higher, and postgraduate education.

In accordance with legislation, the new educational and qualification levels, and variety of forms of education – full-time, part-time, and distant are introduced. The presence of multilevel scheme ensures free choice and access to education according to motivations and abilities of the individual and of society in 21st century.

Content of Arts Education in Kyrgyzstan

Citizens of Kyrgyzstan have a constitutional right to free general secondary education in all state education institutions irrespective of sex, race, nationality, social and property status, activity, worldviews, religious beliefs, health, place of residence, and other circumstances. According to the data of the Ministry of Education and Science of the KR by the beginning of 2010/2011 academic year the network of educational institutions consists of 2191 schools. The total number of pupils is 1 041 564 children that comprises more than 20 % to the total number of population of the country. The number of school-age children enrolled in schools is around 89,9%.

State Policy and Legislation in Arts Education Area

Since 1990s Kyrgyzstan has taken series of steps that have significant influence on stabilization of the art education system and its further development in difficult conditions of a transition period. At the first place, it includes the establishment of a legal framework for education. The main legal norms of democratic functioning and development of education system are determined with approval of the Constitution of the Kyrgyz Republic, laws of the KR “On Education”, “On Culture”, “On State Language”, “On Status of the Teacher”, etc., and the Strategy of arts education, cultural and youth policy in Kyrgyzstan. The art education measures at all levels are regulated by normative acts of the Government of the KR, regulations, orders, and instructions of relevant ministries and institutions.

Teacher training in the field of Arts Education in Kyrgyzstan

In 1990 owing to an interaction of pedagogic personnel of schools, higher education institutions, methodologists of the Kyrgyz Scientific and Research Institute of Pedagogy (KSRIP) and Republican Institute of Retraining of Teachers (RIRT), scientists of Academy of Sciences and representatives of art unions developed a project of the “Conception on aesthetic upbringing in the system of people’s education of the Kirghiz SSR”. In accordance with this conception, the following were the main categories around which concrete forms and methods of aesthetic upbringing would have been concentrated:

Education through Arts

In 1999 a “Child Media Center” under “Balajan” center was established thus, letting children and teenagers attending the center to lead publishing, legal, journalistic activities, create own television programs, publish a magazine for teenagers “Skyscraper - Munara”. The only child art gallery in Kyrgyzstan is located in “Balajan”. For more than 20 years of existence around 35 000 children and teenagers have had opportunity to prove themselves in various fields of art and creativity. Many of the former pupils of the center became painters, masters of applied and traditional art, and talented teachers of foreign languages.

Recommendations

RECOMMENDATIONS ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF ARTS EDUCATION IN THE KYRGYZ REPUBLIC

Art education is a powerful factor of development of spiritual culture of people in Kyrgyzstan, reproduction of productive powers of society, and of opportunities in 21st century. It is directed at mobilization of fundamental scientific, cultural, professional, and practical training of members of society, formation of intellectual potential of the nation and all-round development of the individual as the highest value in 21st century.