Introduction to he Arts Education System in Kyrgyzstan

Art education is the most important component of the modern education space of the Kyrgyz Republic playing its significant role in the process of formation of civil society and its harmonization in new conditions.

The system of art and aesthetic upbringing was based on the oral folklore, decorative and applied arts, musical traditions, folk-ceremonies, and practices, and was realized through a traditional method of transmission of knowledge and skills from “master to apprentice”. Build on the basis of harmonic and tolerant worldview it was enriched in 20th century with the new types of the art such as literature, theater, cinema, music, choreographic, visual, and photo arts, etc.

With acquisition of independence the strategy of state is focused on an adaptation of the system of art education to the new conditions of socially oriented economy, democratic culture, and integration into the world society.

Approaches and practical measures of reforming and development of art education is rooted on conception of building an independent democratic state, which is based on the following priorities: access to education and professional training in the field of culture and arts for all those, which have abilities and motivation;  use of art education and professional training in the field of culture and arts in order to protect interests of society and stratification of its members on roles and statutes; diminishing monopoly rights of the state in education sphere in the field of culture and arts trough establishment of non-state educational and rehabilitation institutions on equal basis, and formation of multidimensional investment policy in the field of education.