State Policy and Legislation in Arts Education Area

Adopting the law of the Republic of Kazakhstan “On Education”  stressed the governmental priorities of educational activity and identified main components of national education system: pre-school education, secondary education, additional education, professional education and high education. This law assigned status of the additional education organizations to the art education institutions, which stressed its complementary functions to other educational components. The law also gave the description of education as the unity of education and learning interests of person, society and country.

The law of “On Public Youth Policy in the Republic of Kazakhstan” provides constitutional guarantees of spiritual, cultural, educational and professional development of youth and their creativity. However, public youth policy is based on principles of considering the interests and needs of youth as the specific social and demographic group, priority of cultural and historical values, spiritual and moral development (article #3). State guarantees free secondary and pre-professional education for it youth at public educational organizations and free high and professional education on the grant basis in accordance with existing regulations (article #6), also provides pre-requisites for youth comprehensive education and development, promotion of national culture and ethnic language among youth and support of youth leisure (article #5).

The role of the civil society in strengthening and promoting of art education is confirmed by the laws of the Republic of Kazakhstan “On Noncommercial organizations”  and “On Nongovernmental Associations”. Noncommercial organizations can be established for the purposes to achieve cultural, scientific and educational goals; and responding to spiritual and other intellectual needs of citizens.Hence, it have the institutional-building right for solving the problems, including establishing of educational organizations, theatres, orchestras, studios, schools, museums, art salons and galleries, cinemas, historical and restoration centers. 

Nongovernmental unions are created for safeguarding the political, economic, social and cultural rights and freedoms, improving of professional and artistic creativity of people, protection of the environment; charity actions; cultural education programs; preservation of cultural and historical monuments; humanistic and civic education; strengthening of international cooperation. NGOs have rights to establish their associations and join the international unions.