Content of Arts Education in Kazakhstan

The teaching of art education in Kazakhstan has been visibly changed for the last two decades: first, the cultural approach in training of art education staff was amplified; secondly, the art education, aiming to integrate the best practice of the European and Kazakhstan education, bases on original cultural and ethnic traditions.

"Ethnic and cultural education is an education aimed on preservation of individual ethnic and cultural identity by learning the native language and culture with simultaneous learning of global values and culture", — this is underlined in "Concept of Ethnic and Cultural Education in the Republic of Kazakhstan". The development of the national education system is based on the fundamental values, ideas and the priorities accrued by the Kazakhstan communities throughout its history, the values of nomadic civilization, and common cultural heritage of Turkic peoples.

In 2003 the pilot textbook on "Art" for social and humanitarian disciplines of the secondary schools has been published (in Kazakh and Russian languages). This was for the first time in school practice that the accent was made on studying of cultural heritage of Kazakhstan since the most ancient times and to present. Dynamically built cultural system should assist to pupils the general vision on the original cultural phenomenon of the parental nomadic society, which development was affected by the nomadic style of economy, influence of Islamic traditions and impact of Russian culture, and finally the integration in the XX century to modern cultures of Europe and Russia. This course curricula takes a special place in formation of national consciousness of the senior schoolchildren.