Priorities of Arts Education in Kazakhstan

Education development and educational organizations’ functions in Kazakhstan are indicated in the National Educational Development Program in the Republic of Kazakhstan for 2005-2010 (Adopted by decree of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan from October 11 2004, # 1459, amended in July of 2008).

Structure of Arts Education System in Kazakhstan

The structure of art education in the Republic of Kazakhstan corresponds to the system of national education and includes following levels:

1) Preschool education and training;
2) Primary education;
3) Basic education and additional education;
4) Vocational and technical secondary education;
5) Higher education;
6) Post-graduate education.

Content of Arts Education in Kazakhstan

The teaching of art education in Kazakhstan has been visibly changed for the last two decades: first, the cultural approach in training of art education staff was amplified; secondly, the art education, aiming to integrate the best practice of the European and Kazakhstan education, bases on original cultural and ethnic traditions.

State Policy and Legislation in Arts Education Area

Adopting the law of the Republic of Kazakhstan “On Education”  stressed the governmental priorities of educational activity and identified main components of national education system: pre-school education, secondary education, additional education, professional education and high education. This law assigned status of the additional education organizations to the art education institutions, which stressed its complementary functions to other educational components. The law also gave the description of education as the unity of education and learning interests of person, society and country.

Teacher training in the field of Arts Education in Kazakhstan

Improvement of professional skill of teachers of art education is carried out by institutes of advanced and post-graduate training; training courses at national and public universities; and also within the special trainings which are conducted by the recognized art education centers in the country and abroad. Most of the education institutions have established the methodic rooms in order to provide technical support for teachers and students. In 2009 the advanced training institutions have trained 870 teachers of music and 876 teachers of drawing and fine arts from secondary schools, and 1,129 teachers from additional education organizations. 62% of the total amount of teachers of music has passed retraining on the revised textbooks (so-called 'new generation of textbooks'), 57% of teachers of drawing, 42% of teachers of art, 7% of teachers of painting and 15% of teachers of technology.

Education through Art

The practice of the equity of cultures and the intercultural dialogue in Kazakhstan appears to be of learning interest of international community and world religions in reviewing the civilization mainstreams. The Kasteev's School continually supports the publication of the UNESCO album 'The Children are Painting the World, Kazakhstan' since 1999, which illustrates the ways of encouragement of selfexpression through art education and symbolizes the commitment to the International Decade for a Culture of Peace and Non-Violence for the Children of the World (2001-2010).