Introduction to the Arts Education System in Kazakhstan

The specific feature of Kazakhstan is the ethno-cultural diversity, caused by its historical ethnic and multi-confessional population. Since representatives of some ethnical groups do not have their own statehood, this urges the Kazakhstan Government for additional responsibilities for the preservation of their original cultures. It is vitally important to create opportunities for renewal and development of ethnical cultures, for the interaction among them in the interests of national conformity. Therefore, the concept of development of ethno-cultural interests of the population in the sphere of education, preservation of ethnical identity with the simultaneous process of learning values and life standards of other cultures, has to become the integral part of the State politics.

The structure of art education in the Republic of Kazakhstan corresponds to the system of national education and includes following levels: preschool education and training, primary education, basic education and additional education, vocational and technical secondary education, higher education, post-graduate education.

The teaching of art education in Kazakhstan has been visibly changed for the last two decades:  first, the cultural approach in training of art education staff was amplified; secondly, the art education, aiming to integrate the best practice of the European and Kazakhstan education, bases on original cultural and ethnic traditions.

The development of the national education system is based on the fundamental values, ideas and the priorities accrued by the Kazakhstan communities throughout its history, the values of nomadic civilization, and common cultural heritage of Turkic peoples.