Content of Arts Education in Armenia

Learning national instruments and instrumental music in general is successfully carried out in music schools, art schools, in music magnet school after Tchaikovsky in Yerevan, In State Conservatory after Komitas and its branch in Gyumri where following majors are taught: instrumental performance (piano, organ, orchestra instruments, folk instruments.)

Armenian choir music has deep traditions. Along with formation of the professional composer school, in XIX century the complicated process of rooting polyphony took place. Since the second half of XIX until 1920s the choirs were mainly amateur since there were no collages to train professionals in music. The first professional Armenian choir was born in Yerevan in 1937 – Armenian State Choir. Today almost every educational institution has student choirs. Since an
early age a child has to have a closure with his national roots and values. Armenian national folk songs are always heard in music schools.

Armenian traditional choreography is divided into three components: a) Armenian ritual folk dance b) Armenian everyday folk dance and c) Armenian stage dance. Armenian dances can be lyric, mourning, ritual and military. Teaching contemporary dances started in Armenia since 1980s. Currently there are hundreds of dance groups in Armenia. Since 2007, State Pedagogical University and Choreography Collage teach dances with social orientation, preparing dance masters.

Recently, gifted arrangers with professional education appeared in the Armenian musical life. In the framework of “New People” project a hip-hop studio was opened for young arrangers. Studio pursues development of hip-hop in Armenian music, making it richer and more interesting.

Electronic Music
One of the most popular electronic music genres in Armenia is electronic dance music. In Armenia rhythmic music or computer sounds are often taken for electronic music. “Narekatsi” creative union is currently attempting to synthesize classic and electronic-acoustic music. Yerevan State variety and Jazz College is also making certain steps to tech electronic music professionally.

The art of painting is taught at State Academy of Art after F. Terlemezyan and in many art schools. There are over 1000 active professional artists, sculptors, masters of decorative-applied arts in the country.

Decorative-applied Arts
Specialists of National Education Institute developed a curriculum for carpet weaving, tapestry, ceramics, stone cutting and woodcraft for the purpose of professional study of decorative-applied arts. These curriculum are given to arts schools to choose from, because “Graphic art” program for general education institutions has only 40% of time for studying decorative-applied art material.

Because the specifics of woodcraft it is a complicated and laborious technological process, it is presented as a separate subject in High school classes and as a part of sculpture discipline curriculum in middle and professional collages.

Ceramics is one of the oldest forms of decorative applied art. Rough and thin ceramics. Terracotta and its properties. Glaze and its types. Glazing methods. Majolica, faience, porcelain – technological and artistic peculiarities. Distinctive trends of Armenian pottery.

Carpet Weaving, Tapestry
General schools (art groups) special institutions (art schools, centers of applied arts) successfully implement carpet-weaving classes today. Some of the more successful works of students are exhibited at final exhibitions. Wool, cotton, linen, sometimes golden and silver threads are used for weaving carpets.

Jewelry Art
The fact that since ancient times Armenians used silver and gold-plated belts, buckles, buttons, necklaces, rings, china proves the seriousness of the approach of the Armenians to jewelry. Since the invention of Armenian alphabet, the decorations for manuscripts were done in silver and gold, for preservation purposes. Unique jewelry of Armenia appeared as a combination of technique and creativity of Armenian masters. Professional educational institutes teach jewel craft today.

Metal stamping and impression art was very popular in 70-80s of XX century. And although many of the secrets of that art are lost, there still are folk masters who teach their students the skills of that applied art in art schools.

Architecture, Design-Planning
Study of architecture is currently presented in an integrated RA course “Graphic art” in general education institutions as a part of “History of art and architecture”. In almost all institutions where artistic-aesthetics upbringing is implemented an important place is dedicated to theoretical course on study of Armenian and world architecture.

Flower Compositions, Ikebana
For many years, Armenia has had specialized centers for flower composition where high class specialists pass their knowledge to students. Centers teach theory and practice. Study centers provide all the necessary materials. They teach future florists creative approaches provide tons of information on technical skills, develop a fine taste.

Computer Design
Basics of computer design are taught at IT classes in public schools. The course has special hours (IT curriculum is designed for 6-11 grades of general schools, where over 60 hours is dedicated to graphic and text studies) in the curriculum. The course is a logical continuation to learning design, for those who were interested in “Graphic art” and “Technology” courses and needed a more detailed study of theoretical and practical issues of methodology and professional design activity based on studies of computer graphics.