Introduction to the Arts Education System in Armenia

Since the creation of the Armenian alphabet in V century AD, schools with calligraphy and book design syllabi were established. And since X century, higher type of educational institutions – universities – began to emerge. The earliest universities were established in Tatev and Sanahin. Gladzor university (1280-1335) takes a special role in the history of art education in medieval Armenia. Three auditoriums (faculties) existed here in one of which the art of scripts and miniature was taught. XVII-XVIII centuries were a period of formation of new Armenian art. New schools with new systems of education are set up. Higher schools in Bagesh, Yerevan, Hovanavank, Echmiadzin (university-school) acquire special significance, as well as school of New Jugha among others. For the Armenian reality, it was a period of visible changes in art education and methods of teaching. The influence of the European art gains major influence by that time.

Currently in Armenia there are partial general schools, full general schools, gymnasiums, lyceа and higher education institutions (colleges, universities and institutes), including 18 state universities and 7 colleges which educate 26 thousand students and 40 private institutions with over 14 thousand students. Up to 70% of students at specialized educational institutions receive education on commercial grounds. Most of universities are based in Yerevan. In 1991, the American University of Armenia was founded in Yerevan. In 1999, the Russian-Armenian (Slavonic) University was established in Yerevan. Within a matter of years French, German and European Universities were opened through 2000-2005 in Yerevan.